Though they can trace their lineage as far back as colonial times, they didn't become a permanent presence in the military until the 1970s.It wasn't until the outset of the United States involvement in World War II that the Rangers were officially activated for the first time in the 20th century.Darby formed the First Ranger Battalion at Sunnyland Camp in Carrickfergus, Ireland, choosing 600 candidates from a pool of thousands of volunteers [source: Special Operations.com].The British commando forces were also involved in the formation of Rangers. The Rangers are known for their skill at remaining undetected in a war. Called to duty, their original purpose was to complete a mission and then disband.The pros and cons of Ranger life include family stresses and the toughness of the Ranger program.
Although no Army training is easy, Ranger School at Fort Benning, Ga., is a different animal entirely.Ranger School takes place in three phases – crawl, walk and run – and if the soldier is not mentally and physically prepared, he is sure to fail.With training phases taking place anywhere from mountainous areas to swamplands, the tough rigors of Ranger School may prove discouraging to anyone who is not in top physical condition.One of the chief advantages of using Rangers in battle is their quick response to threats.
Any of the three Ranger battalions must be ready to respond within 18 hours.
Rangers in this capacity are indispensable, offering intelligence details that might be able to be ascertained from the air or from satellite imagery, especially in heavily-forested or jungle environments.